Trades and Occupations
Twenty-five trades and approximately thirty occupations are practised in Quebec.
This link of trades and occupations
gives a short description of each of the 25 trades, and of 6
occupations (blaster, lineman, diver, surveyor, welder and pipe
welder), presented in individual files. Each file describes the tasks
in a trade or occupation, its training programs, and the skills and
interests required for those who wish to practise it. The job prospects
and apprenticeship system for each trade and occupation are also
included. Finally, tables give the number of workers in the respective
trade or occupation, the wages, the number of apprentices who join the
industry, the average age of the labour force, and the number of
employers hiring workers in that trade or occupation.
The Quebec construction industry has adopted criteria for hiring
workers to which construction companies must conform.
The fundamental principle is competency, acquired through training and/or on-the-job experience.
To demonstrate this competency and to work in the construction industry falling under the Act Respecting Labour Relations, Vocational Training, and Workforce Management in the Construction Industry (Act R-20), a worker must hold a competency certificate. There are three categories:
- Journeyman, for people who have demonstrated that they are qualified in one or another of the 26 trades;
- Apprentice, for people admitted to a trade apprenticeship that lasts, depending on the trade, for 1 to 5 apprenticeship periods of 2,000 hours each;
- Occupation, for people working on construction sites as a labourer or specialized labourer.
The construction industry favours access for graduates. However, if there is a labour shortage, the Commission de la construction du Quebec (CCQ) must allow access for non-graduates. In these cases, specific conditions must be met.